IPTV, Internet Protocol television, is a system through which television services are delivered using the Internet protocol suite over a packet-switched network such as a LAN or the Internet, instead of being delivered through traditional terrestrial, satellite signal, and cable television formats. Unlike downloaded media, IPTV offers the ability to stream the media in smaller batches, directly from the source. As a result, a client media player can begin playing the data (such as a movie) before the entire file has been transmitted. This is known as streaming media.
IPTV services may be classified into three main groups:
IPTV is distinguished from Internet television by its ongoing standardization process (e.g., European Telecommunications Standards Institute) and preferential deployment scenarios in subscriber-based telecommunications networks with high-speed access channels into end-user premises via set-top boxes or other customer-premises equipment.
Tagalog may refer to:
The Abakada alphabet is an indigenized Latin alphabet of the Tagalog language of the Philippines. The alphabet, which contains 20 letters, was created by Lope K. Santos in 1940. The alphabet was officially adopted by the Institute of National Language (Filipino: Surián ng Wikang Pambansâ) for Filipino. See Filipino alphabet.
During the Pre-Hispanic Era, Old Tagalog was written using the Kawi or the Baybayin script. For three centuries Tagalog was written following, to some extent, the Spanish phonetic and orthographic rules.
Dr. José Rizal, initially suggested to indigenize the alphabet of the Philippine languages by replacing the letters C and Q with K. Based on Rizal's indigenization proposal, the Abakada became the alphabet for the Tagalog language.
At present, all languages of the Philippines but Spanish and Chabacano may be written using the Modern Filipino alphabet, which includes all the letters of the Abakada alphabet. These two exception shall follow the ancient rules for all the Filipino languages.
The Tagalog people are a major ethnic group in the Philippines. They form a majority in Manila, Marinduque and southern Luzon, and a plurality in Central Luzon and the islands of Mindoro, Palawan, and Romblon.
The name Tagalog comes from either the term tagá-ilog, which means 'people living along the river', or another term, tagá-alog, which means 'people living along the ford' (the prefix taga- meaning "coming from" or "native of").
In 1821, Edmund Roberts called the Tagalog, Tagalor in his memoirs about his trips to the Philippines.
The Tagalog are part of the Austronesian migration from Taiwan into the Philippines at around 4000 BCE. The earliest written record of the Tagalog is a 9th-century document known as the Laguna Copperplate Inscription which is about a remission of debt on behalf of the ruler of Tagalog Tondo. Contact with the rest of Southeast Asia led to the creation Baybayin later used in the book Doctrina Cristiana which is written by the 16th century Spanish colonizers.